After the child is born, the parents may feel fear because there is a possibility about the newborn infecting some diseases, to check on the health of the child, and to know if he is ill or not, there are some signs that appear on the child and the behaviors that appear from the child that would clarify whether The child is normal or that there is a risk or illness that he suffers from, just as there are other methods of medical examination that doctors conduct to check on a good condition and discover diseases early.
In this article, we will monitor many of the behaviors and changes that may occur to the child, which would alert the presence of symptoms affecting the newborn child, the most important of which are: –
1- Behavior changes: –
It is one of the most important symptoms and abnormal behaviors that may affect a newborn child. The child may cry more or have a change in the level of activity and the child may cry to the extent that he has no child’s comfort. Generally, if your child is active when he wakes up, eats well, and can be comforted when he cries, the small differences in activity or crying level are normal.
2- Hibernation: –
Infants suffering from lethargy or sluggishness have little or no energy. They sleep longer than usual, and it may be difficult to wake up to feed them. When they wake up, they feel sleepy or lazy or dull; they are not alert and do not pay attention to visual stimulation or sounds. However, it should be noted that hibernation may be a sign of a common infection, such as a cold, or a serious type of infection such as influenza or meningitis.
3- Irritability: –
Crying is the child’s only way to communicate. Over time, children develop different cries that depend on what they need: food and sleep, changing baby diapers, or seeking cuddles. Parents gradually learn to decipher their children’s screams and respond accordingly.
A child who becomes very irritable, frowned, and tender, with long periods of crying, may be ill or suffer from pain. It may also become very jittery and agitated or start to shiver. Irritability may be a sign that your child is suffering from
- Abdominal pain,
- Viral or bacterial infection.
4- Fever: –
It is important to understand that while fever is dangerous in newborn babies, it is not necessarily a bad thing if the baby is more than three months old. Fever is the body’s method of fighting infection, so it is actually a good thing.
Some common questions regarding the health of newborn babies
The health of the newborn is one of the most difficult and disturbing stages, especially for the mother for the first time, and it becomes more difficult if the mother complains about the health of her baby and whether it grows in the form and the normal rate, and therefore it is always important and that we always recommend is to visit the doctor in the event of doubt about something, but that Some things may indicate that your child is growing in good health without having to go to the doctor.
We have dedicated this article to mention some questions that may be frequent in the minds of some mothers about the health of their children, for example: –
1- When should you bring the doctor?
There are some behaviors or changes that occur in the newly born child, which are in the form or a large form that makes it blame for the parents to consult the doctor as soon as possible and from these important symptoms, which then must bring the doctor as soon as we will deal now. You should bring your child to the doctor if he has any of the following symptoms:
- He had a fever (for infants 3 months or less)
- He cries uneasily
- Lukewarm or limp
- Test cramps (fits )
Its inflatable, the soft spot at the top of its head, begins to swell
It seems as if he is in pain
He developed purple stains on his skin, or some other type of skin rash
Pale or glowy color
He suffers from breathing problems
Refuses to breastfeed or drink from the bottle
It appears that he has difficulty swallowing
Suffering from diarrhea or vomiting
It should also be noted that in newborns, infants and young children aged three months or less, fever may be the first and only sign of a serious infection. If you notice a temperature just above normal, bring the newborn to the doctor as soon as possible.
2- How do I measure my child’s temperature?
There are two ways to measure your child’s temperature: –
Through the rectum or underarm. Do not use a mercury-filled thermometer. The most accurate method is by the rectum, but many parents do not find this method very attractive. Here are some tips for taking the temperature of your newborn baby.
Measurement of temperature by rectum using an electronic thermometer:
- It is much easier to take a child’s temperature if two people do this.
- Have your child lie on his back and bring his knees up over his stomach.
- Make sure the thermometer is clean.
- Dip the thermometer in a water-soluble gel.
- Insert the thermometer into the base of your newborn baby about 2.5 cm (one inch).
- Wait for the thermometer to record the temperature reading. This is usually referred to as an acoustic signal. Read the temperature carefully and write it down in a notebook.
- Clean the thermometer after using it with soap and water.
- The normal range of temperatures taken rectally is 36.6 ° C to 38 ° C (97.9 ° F to 101 ° F).
Underarm temperature measurement:
- Place the thermometer bulb under your child’s armpits, and hold his arm down to the side of his body. Ensure that the bulb is completely covered in the armpit.
- Wait for the thermometer to record the temperature reading.
- The normal range for underarm temperatures is 36.7 to 37.5 ° C (98.0 to 99.5 ° F).
3- What may cause fever in newborns?
Fever is usually a sign that a newborn’s body is fighting an infection. Bacteria and viruses usually thrive in temperatures close to normal body temperature.
Sometimes fever is not a response to illness, but is caused by heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Heat exhaustion is a severe thermal illness with symptoms of dehydration, fatigue, weakness, nausea, headache, and rapid breathing. In the following, we will address how to treat children, both newborn children and older children.
How to treat fever in newborns?
Here are some important tips that you should consider if your child has a fever:
- Do not try to use a medicine to treat a fever on your own if the newborn is less than 1 month old. Bring him to the doctor instead. Your doctor may recommend that you give your newborn baby acetaminophen, but he will need to determine the exact dose required.
- Meanwhile, you can continue breastfeeding or feeding your newborn baby with a bottle naturally, if he wants to eat. If signs of dehydration appear, you may need to give it an electrolyte solution between meals, or replace meals with this solution. Consult your doctor to confirm. Signs of dehydration include dry mouth, less than six wet diapers per day, tearless eyes soaked, sunken fontanelle, and dry skin.
How to treat fever in older children?
Most cases of fever are caused by viruses and will improve without treatment. Because of this, many doctors do not recommend reducing fever in infants over six months of age unless the fever is greater than 38.5 ° C (101.5 ° F). However, if the infant suffers from aches and pains from a fever, acetaminophen can be used to make him feel more comfortable.
- If the fever is caused by a bacterial infection, the infection should be treated with antibiotics. Antibiotics work to kill bacteria, and during this process they reduce fever. Antibiotics and acetaminophen are sometimes used simultaneously to treat a fever.
- If the fever is due to heat exhaustion and heat stroke, it can be dangerous and requires immediate attention. Heat exhaustion can be treated by bringing the child into the house, loosening his clothes, encouraging him to eat and drink, and giving him a cold bath.