What is meant by gestational diabeties ?
During pregnancy, the bodies of pregnant women undergo many physiological changes that occur inside and outside the body, including gestational diabetes, which is a disturbance of glucose tolerance or real diabetes that appears or is diagnosed during pregnancy, and if it is not controlled properly, the child may be affected. About 4% of women have this disease around the world.
Gestational diabetes is described as a type of diabetes that affects a woman during pregnancy, so that the pregnant body cannot get rid of sugar and consume it properly, which raises the level of sugar in the blood. It can be diagnosed between the twenty-fourth and twenty-eighth weeks of pregnancy, that is, between the fifth and sixth months of pregnancy and sugar to normal after pregnancy and the end of childbirth in most women.
Mostly, women with gestational diabetes are older than all pregnant women and most of them are overweight.
What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes on the mother?
The diagnosis of gestational diabetes is not accidental because it may develop without symptoms in some women, but the common symptoms and signs of this type of diabetes are similar to the symptoms of diabetes in ordinary people. Examples of these symptoms include:
- Feeling very thirsty.
- Drink plenty of water without loosening.
- Abdominal distention quickly.
- Entering the bathroom frequently.
What are the factors that help gestational diabetes?
There are some helpful factors that encourage pregnancy sugar, including:
- Impaired glucose tolerance.
- The genetic factor plays a large role in the subject.
- Weight gain before pregnancy.
- Having a child weighing more than four to five kilograms.
- Having a child who is already dead.
- Increasing the amount of fluids surrounding the body of the fetus.
- The presence of sugar in the urine.
How can gestational diabetes be detected?
Laboratory examination is a method of detecting gestational diabetes. As for at least eight hours, the woman must fast. Then after an hour or two, it is given a sweet substance and is tested again, as you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes if your blood sugar is above a certain level.
Most pregnant women with diabetes are examined for the presence of the disease at any stage of pregnancy, and women without symptoms or the possibility of developing diabetes during the fifth and sixth months of pregnancy are examined.
A woman should not be concerned about gestational diabetes, because this diabetes is not a disease, but it is an indication that in the future, if she is not attentive to herself, she is likely to develop diabetes, so she must work to regulate her blood sugar. During pregnancy, God willing, this will not affect her fetus if the pregnant woman regulates diabetes, whether she uses pills, insulin or proper healthy nutrition.
How does gestational diabetes affect the fetus?
If a pregnant woman is unable to control the sugar during her pregnancy, during childbirth, she exposes her unborn child to danger, and therefore it can extend to him harmful effects. These include:
- This can lead to a fetus loss as a result of his death from gestational diabetes.
- Influencing the health of the fetus and impeding its development.
- Forcing the mother to caesarean section due to the large size of the fetus.
- Fat surrounds the fetus and thus impedes its growth and breathing, due to the high level of sugar and glucose level in the mother’s blood.
How can gestational diabetes be treated?
Gestational diabetes treatment aims to keep sugar at normal rates to ensure the health of the mother and the fetus. This is achieved through intensive monitoring of both the mother and her fetus during pregnancy, through:
- Exercise: exercise keeps your back and joints strong, but before starting to exercise, you should consult your doctor.
- Tracking weight gain: Pregnant women must envisage not gaining weight during pregnancy, or eating large quantities of food under the pretext of pregnancy, and monthly weight gain must be tracked and a visit to the doctor in the event of a sudden increase.
- Eating a balanced diet: Eat three main meals a day with two or three snacks, make sure to choose foods rich in low-fat fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and drink at least eight glasses of water per day.
- Drug therapy: Many people may need to take medications to control blood sugar, but if you are exercising and eating healthy, you can stop using drug therapy.
- Examination of the fetus: by imaging the fetus, to make sure of its condition, health status and the fluids surrounding it, in addition to the number of his heartbeat.