What is pregnancy?
Pregnancy is the period during which the fetus develops in the mother’s womb, which lasts for 40 weeks. A healthy food is one of the most important requirements for this period, whether for the mother or her fetus, especially the food rich in necessary vitamins.
The period of pregnancy is a special period in the life of the mother due to the changes that occur in her body resulting from the secretion of hormones and the subsequent changes in the body’s shape to the mother or the psychological and emotional state.
What are the symptoms of pregnancy ?
This includes a high mother’s temperature during pregnancy, a feeling of the need to rest and sleep, and a feeling of the need to vomit.
This period is also associated with an increase in appetite in foods that the mother has never liked or, in contrast to a complete lack of appetite, especially for the mother’s favorite foods before pregnancy, and as a result, mothers in pregnancy need constant care and continuous medical follow-up, and medical follow-up is required It is the nutritional follow-up of the mother, to provide her with all the necessary vitamins needed for her fetus and direct her to the way she is taken, as well as to help the mother in avoiding some diseases or health conditions such as vomiting, constipation or hemorrhoids in some cases.
What is the necessity of dieting during pregnancy?
A healthy diet with medical supervision leads to the mother and her fetus getting the necessary vitamins sufficiently for their needs, especially those vitamins that essentially bind the pregnant woman. It is always preferred to take vitamins from their natural sources, but in the case of pregnancy it is necessary to take some supplements to ensure that the body gets sufficient quantities, as neglecting to take vitamins leads to a slowdown in the stage of fetal development and consequently the fetus is affected by birth defects and serious diseases.
Where the mother recommends the necessity of consuming an amount of 10 micrograms of vitamin D during each day of pregnancy and after childbirth and during the lactation process, and experts also recommend that the mother should take an amount of 400 micrograms of folic acid per day before the occurrence of pregnancy and up to twelve weeks of pregnancy, While it is recommended that the mother avoid vitamin A or any vitamin A supplement (retinol), because too much of it may harm the fetus.
The best vitamins for a pregnant woman during pregnancy
Among the most important foods that contain vitamin D are fish, meat and eggs, with the possibility of obtaining it through exposure to sunlight for a period ranging between one to two hours a day, as vitamin D helps in forming the bone of the fetus and its deficiency leads to the flexibility of the bones in the fetus and rickets.
Among the most important foods that contain vitamin C are citrus fruits and fruits. This vitamin helps build the bones and teeth of the fetus, as this vitamin helps the woman’s body absorb iron.
Or what is called (folic acid), the most important foods that contain it are broccoli, oranges, ghee, peas and cabbage, and you should take about 400 milligrams of it daily, as it helps prevent fetal exposure to birth defects and conditions such as paralysis of the spinal cord, and it is advised to eat it Three months before pregnancy, it is advised to take large amounts of it for the mother who is believed to have a birth deformed child.
One of the most important sources of this vitamin is vegetable oil and grains. The importance of this vitamin stems from its help in forming red blood cells for the fetus and strengthening its immune system in addition to containing antioxidants.
Other nutritional supplements
The importance of calcium stems from the fact that the fetus needs calcium to help it in the process of building its bones helps to prevent the loss of the density of the mother’s bones, and calcium is important for the mother and the fetus alike, because the lack of calcium required pushes the fetus to take it from the bones and body of the mother, and thus causes serious diseases of the mother such as osteoporosis.
Among the most important foods that contain iron are green leafy vegetables, red meat, dried fruits and nuts. The mother can eat peanuts or peanut butter but in a balanced manner and after the approval of the specialist doctor, if taking an adequate amount of iron leads to reducing the risks of premature birth and preventing anemia (anemia Blood) also helps muscle growth and therefore iron deficiency leads to serious health problems.
You should take a pregnant woman at least 200 mg per day because of its importance in the growth and support of the eyes and brain of the fetus.
Vegetarian diet during pregnancy
A vegetarian diet is a healthy, good, and beneficial system for the mother, but it cannot provide the body with its need of iron in sufficient quantity and in addition to its need of vitamin B12, consulting the specialist doctor regarding the vegetarian system is necessary and important, to provide advice on the required elements and vitamins in the quantities necessary for the mother and the fetus During pregnancy.
Failure of the mother to take enough vitamins or nutritional supplements will cause the mother and her fetus to suffer unimaginable diseases and conditions, and therefore it is necessary for the mother to focus on a healthy food rich in vitamins and their supplements under the supervision of a specialist.