The body needs a group of vitamins and minerals in certain quantities, especially in childhood stages in order to grow properly and strengthen the immune system, if the child is eating in the framework of a healthy, balanced and integrated diet then this means that he is getting sufficient quantities of them which the body needs, but there are some cases that Children may need to add some vitamins or minerals that will complete the healthy growth of the children’s body, especially newborn babies.
What does the children’s body need from nutrients?
The nutritional needs of children depend on age, gender, size, growth and level of activity, and if eating enough calories the child’s diet should contain certain amounts of some of the necessary minerals and vitamins such as:
1- Vitamin A: It is important for the growth and repair of tissues and bones, as well as for the growth of the eye and skin and stimulating the response of the immune system.
The most important sources : milk, cheese, eggs and vegetables, yellow to orange, like carrots, so they always say.
2- Vitamin D : It helps build teeth and bones and calcium absorption by the body. The most important sources: milk and milk products, and sunlight. Therefore, children should not be completely hidden away from the sun. Also, they should be wary of being completely exposed to them and covering them or taking them away from the sun if their skin appears red so that they do not get burns.
3- Vitamin C : helps build muscle, connective tissue, and skin.
Its main sources are : citrus fruits such as lemon, orange, tangerine, and vegetables such as broccoli, strawberry and kiwi.
4- Vitamin B group : It is a family of vitamins (B2, 3, 6 and 12) that help complete metabolism and energy production, as well as the circulatory and nervous system formation.
The most important sources are : meat, chicken, fish, beans, milk, cheese and eggs.
5 – Vitamin C : helps the body absorb nutrients, and helps strengthen immunity to prevent diseases and wound healing.
The most important sources: mango, melon, pineapple and guava. As you can see, proper nutrition is sufficient for your child’s needs, but some children do not get these elements properly from their diets, so the doctor has to prescribe the vitamins that the child needs in the form of vitamins and nutritional supplements.
The nutrients that have been mentioned are the most common nutrients the body needs, but they are not the only ones that children need. They need a measure of all vitamins and minerals for proper growth and good health, but the exact quantities vary according to age as the reason we mentioned.
Do children need different nutrients than others?
Children need the same nutrients as adults, but they usually need less, and it is necessary to obtain sufficient quantities of nutrients such as calcium and vitamin D, which help them build strong bones.
Although children may need less vitamins and minerals than adults, they still need to get enough of these nutrients for appropriate growth and development.
Do children need to take nutritional supplements?
Children who eat a healthy, balanced diet do not need to take vitamin supplements, however some infants have different nutritional needs than children and may need some nutritional supplement such as vitamin D for breastfed babies.
Knowing that it is not recommended to take nutritional supplements if they are eating a variety of fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy products and protein to obtain adequate nutrition, as these foods contain all the nutrients necessary for proper growth and development in children. What is the need to take supplements?
When will the sponsor need to take nutritional supplements?
Most children who eat a healthy diet do not need to take vitamins; however, some conditions may require taking nutritional supplements, and these reasons include: –
1- The child follows a vegetarian diet only, so he may lack some of the vitamins that help in growth, such as calcium, iron, zinc, and vitamin B12 and D, but if the parents incorporate enough vegetable foods that naturally contain certain vitamins and minerals, then the child does not need supplements.
2- Infection with some medical conditions that affect the body’s absorption of vitamins and minerals such as diseases of the digestive system disorders, cystic fibrosis, IBD or undergoing surgery that affects the stomach and intestine.
It is very necessary to consult a doctor and determine the appropriate dose for the child through it. The children’s body needs full support of vitamins and minerals but under the supervision of the doctor because taking them in excess quantities becomes toxic, and you can completely dispense with any nutritional supplement by providing it with a variety of whole foods then you can Ensure that he has the necessary nutrients for perfect health .