From the first day of birth, the child relies on the mother’s milk, which begins to be secreted by forming sesame milk, which not only contains all the nutrients important for the child’s development but also contains the immune bodies that meet the child’s diseases and support his immunity in the case of breastfeeding or appropriate artificial milk in the case of breastfeeding. Industrial. But it is always better for the child to be fed through breastfeeding, because the mother’s milk carries important and essential elements to form the child’s structure.
The child is totally dependent on breastfeeding to meet his nutritional needs in the first six months of his life, then soft, easy-to-digest meals are then introduced with continued feeding until the age of two years. In this article, we will address some important questions that relate to the proper nutrition of the child, which ensures the proper development, including:
What to consider while feeding a child?
Eat the right amount of food to maintain a healthy weight and exercise regularly. The correct amount of food for a child depends on both of the following factors: –
2- The length
In addition to other factors
Use less fat and sugars, although fats and sugars are good sources of energy but they are not rich in other nutrients. Therefore it should be eaten in moderation in addition to other foods, and it is important to distinguish well between healthy fats and unhealthy fats .
What are the correct nutritional foundations for a child’s development?
The basics of children’s nutrition are based on the same principles and basics of nutrition for adults as everyone needs the same types of nutrients as vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, protein and fats. However, children need different amounts of these nutrients at different ages, mainly due to their increased growth requirements. Children at the age of two years or newborns in particular, are in greatest need of all the nutrients that help build their bodies in a better way.
Each meal for the child must contain essential nutrients, so that the child’s meal provides a good amount of carbohydrates and some proteins. Among the important meals that every mother is required to provide to her children: –
1- Whole unrefined grains: –
Unrefined nutrients such as whole grains, brown rice, barley, and potatoes provide more sustainable energy for a longer period of time and are also a good source of protein and a wide range of vitamins and minerals. Refined foods such as white rice and white flour contain much less nutrients and fiber
2- Legumes of all kinds: –
Be careful to eat legumes every day. These foods, along with proteins, are necessary for developing and repairing the body and building strong muscles. They are good sources of vitamins, minerals, and fibers, as well as helping to maintain the immune system activity. Legumes include beans, peas, lentils, and peanuts, including peanut butter and soybeans. Legumes are a cheaper protein source than animal foods, such as beef and chicken, that should be eaten every day, if possible.
3- Protein-rich foods:
Children should eat protein that greatly contributes to their healthy growth. You can rely on protein from meat and fish, but only in moderation because it interferes with cholesterol levels in the blood. It provides good quality proteins, vitamins, minerals and energy and helps boost muscles and the immune system, but meat and fish are fat and contain bad cholesterol. Therefore, you should rely more often on vegetable protein found in legumes, broccoli, lentils, quinoa and oats, for example.
4- Vegetables, fruits and dairy products: –
Children should eat vegetables and fruits every day as vegetables and fruits are an important part of a healthy and balanced meal as they provide vitamins and minerals that maintain the performance and strength of the body and the immune system
Among the most important things that must be presented to the child are dairy products such as milk, yogurt and cheese, as these products, in addition to eggs, provide many important nutrients for growth such as calcium, which is important for bone and dental health.
Exclusively breastfeeding has many benefits for the infant and its mother. Foremost among these is protection against gastro-intestinal infections that are not only observed in developing countries, but also in industrialized countries. Early provision of breastfeeding, that is, within one hour after birth, contributes to protecting newborn infants from acquiring infections and reducing their death rates. The risk of death from diarrhea and other infections can increase among infants who only partially benefit from breastfeeding or do not benefit from it at all.
Notably, adults who have benefited from breastfeeding in childhood have low rates of overweight and obesity. Babies who enjoyed breastfeeding as a child achieve better results in IQ tests. Breastfeeding also contributes to promoting maternal health and well-being. It reduces the risk of ovarian and breast cancer and helps to spacing births. In this article, we will address the most important steps that would ensure the success of breastfeeding for a newborn child:
The ten steps to ensure successful breastfeeding:
1- The mother’s skin touches the skin of her baby immediately after birth and initiates breastfeeding during the first hour of his life
2- Breastfeeding the child at his request (i.e. whenever he wishes, in the day and at night);
3- Cohabitation (enabling mothers and their infants to stay together around the clock);
4- Refrain from giving infants additional food or drinks, or even water.
5. Supportive health services that provide the necessary advice in the area of feeding infants and young children during all types of communication between care providers and young children, as happens during and after pre-care, visits to inspect children’s health conditions, and immunization processes;
6- Community support, including maternal support groups and community-based activities for health promotion and health education
After the child reaches the age of two years, it will be important to provide important nutrients that help the child grow in a healthy way by feeding the child some soft, easy foods.
Nutrients to be provided to the child: –
1- Calcium is one of the most important nutrients for bone growth and strength. Among the most important foods rich in calcium are milk, milk, yogurt and cheese. It is also important to provide your little one with what enhances calcium absorption, which is vitamin C.
2- Proteins that are available in meat, eggs, milk, dairy products, legumes, grains, and nuts. For example, one or two eggs can be served per week for a child at the age of 3 years.
3- Magnesium available in all kinds of nuts and seeds like bulgur and pulp, so replace it with chips.
4- Vitamin E, ie potassium, which is available in oranges, bananas, and dates, which is important for the balance of blood pressure and the functioning of the circulatory system
5- Iron is important for the production of red blood cells, for brain development in children, and for the strength of the skin
In this regard, it is necessary to mention some important advice:
1- The pot mentioned in the table is suitable for a normal child of normal weight. Sometimes some children need more food because of their fast metabolism, so they do not gain extra weight so there is no objection to a meal in excess of the mentioned in the table and vice versa.
2- Follow up with your pediatrician to make sure of his growth, weight and height, and to ensure that he gets his food.
3- Do not press the little one if he refuses completely more food, and offer it from time to time because he may not be able to express his hunger
4 – Prevent sweets, chips, soft drinks and such harmful things completely
In the attached table, different foods and appropriate quantities of food will be taken for children of different ages.
Table of foods and the appropriate quantity : –